I Diari e la scrittura dell’ultimo Tolstoj. Una ricerca oltre il moralismo

Maria Candida Ghidini

Abstract


All his life Tolstoi wrote diaries. In his last thirty years, they became so important that they have influenced his entire work, non-fiction as well as fiction. Originally a rational, planned practice of self-perfection, they evolved into an introspective reflection of the I and recorded the tension of merging with a super-personal, universal dimension: the authentic, eternal I that does not know death. This article argues that Tolstoi’s search cannot be reduced to the moralist and rationalist paradigms that critics have often used, especially the religious thinkers of the Silver Age. The Diaries reveal that the starting point for a deep reflection on the I is the experience of the limit and death. Hence starts a new perception of the self which, in order to preserve it, transcends it into a universal dimension that helps to overcome emptiness and a lack of meaning. On a literary level, this leads to a new type of writing and a new conception of authorship.


Keywords


Autobiographism; Diaries; Late Tolstoi; Moralism; Rationalism

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.25430/2281-6992/v9-365-390

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AvtobiografiЯ
Journal on Life Writing and the Representation of the Self in Russian Culture

Dipartimento di Studi Linguistici e Letterari
Via Elisabetta Vendramini 13
35137 PADOVA

ISSN: 2281-6992
Registrazione del Tribunale di Padova 23-04-2013, n. 2326 Registro della Stampa,
Variazione: Tribunale di Padova 27-10-2014, n. 3197 Registro della Stampa.

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This work is licensed under a Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

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