http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/issue/feed Avtobiografija 2022-01-08T11:23:17+01:00 Chiara Rampazzo info@avtobiografija.com Open Journal Systems Journal on Life Writing and the Representation of the Self in Russian Culture http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/268 Петр Никанорович Ознобишин и его “Дневные записки” (1796-1811 гг.): научно-художественное издание / О. М. Буранок, Н. А. Буранок, А. О. Бу- ранок, С. О. Буранок, Г. О. Щукина, Самара, Научно-технический центр, 2020, 446 с. 2022-01-08T11:00:25+01:00 Anton Demin anton.demin@avtobiografija.com 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/269 Šul’gina, Ekaterina Grigor’evna, Konspekt moich političeskich pereživanij, 1903-1922, Moskva, Fond “Svjaz’ Epoch”, 2019, pp. 672. 2022-01-08T11:06:18+01:00 Giovanni Savino giovanni.savino@avtobiografija.com 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/270 Дневник алтайского крестьянина К. Ф. Измайлова: в 2 т., Москва, Смоленское, Common place, 2020 (Т. 1. 1923–1934. 672 с.; Т. 2. 1935–1941. 688 с.). 2022-01-08T11:12:17+01:00 Iaroslav Golubinov iaroslav.golubinov@avtobiografija.com 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/271 Herling–Grudziński, Gustaw, Piętno. Ostatnie opowiadanie kołymskie. Zapamiętane, opowiedzia- ne. Rozmowa o Szałamowie, przygotowanie do dru- ku Andrzej Peciak, konsultacja Zdzisław Kudelski, tłumaczenie z języka włoskiego Joanna Ugniewska, tłumaczenie na 2022-01-08T11:18:03+01:00 Ksenia Filimonova ksenia.filimonova@avtobiografija.com 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/257 Введение 2022-01-07T23:38:26+01:00 Dmitri Shalin dmitri.shalin@avtobiografija.com <p>Russian introduction to the special section on Contemporary Russian Lifewriting</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/258 Notes on contemporary autobiographical prose 2022-01-07T23:42:51+01:00 Dmitri Shalin dmitri.shalin@avtobiografija.com <p>English introduction to the special section on Contemporary Russian Lifewriting.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/259 Из дневников и записных книжек 2022-01-07T23:47:07+01:00 Ludmila Ulitskaya ludmila.ulitskaya@avtobiografija.com <p>Excerpts from Diaries and Notebooks</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/260 Из личной переписки и автобиографической прозы 2022-01-08T10:09:02+01:00 Mikhail Shishkin mikhail.shishkin@avtobiografija.com <p>Excerpts from Private Letters and Autobiographical Prose</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/261 Автоноография. Фрагменты 2022-01-08T10:20:22+01:00 Mikhail Epstein mikhail.epstein@avtobiografija.com 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/262 Из дневников и записных книжек 2022-01-08T10:28:10+01:00 Sergei Iur'enen sergei.iurenen@avtobiograija.com <p>Excerpts from Diaries and Notebooks</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/263 Из Ковидного дневника – год первый 2022-01-08T10:33:10+01:00 Gasan Gusejnov gasan.gusejnov@avtobiografija.com <p>From the Covid Diary – Year 1</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/264 Из автобиографических диалогов 2022-01-08T10:35:59+01:00 Ludmila Ulitskaya ludmila.ulitskaya@avtobiografija.com Dmitri Shalin dmitri.shalin@avtobiografija.com <p>From Dialogues on Autobiography</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/272 Authors 2022-01-08T11:23:17+01:00 Claudia Criveller claudia.criveller@avtobiografija.com Andrea Gullotta andrea.gullotta@avtobiografija.com <p>Profile of the authors of the papers.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/255 Marginalia: note sulla Omsk “cosmica” di Galina Rymbu 2022-01-07T23:03:42+01:00 Martina Napolitano martina.napolitano@avtobiografija.com <p>The article explores the poetic cycle <em>Kosmicheskii prospekt</em> (2018) that the young poet Galina Rymbu devoted to her hometown Omsk. The exploration dwells in particular on the notion of personal and collective trauma, and the close correlation – with Platonovian overtones – between language and memory. Situating at first Rymbu’s poetic production within the macrocontext of the new Russian civil poetry (<em>grazhdanskaia poeziia</em>) of the last decade, which comes imbued on the one hand with the Russian literary tradition, on the other hand with the new post-structuralist tendencies, the analysis investigates the way through which the Siberian urban geography described by the poet is inserted in the wider reflection on <em>marginalia</em>, thus challenging the dominant narratives both in terms of the perspective of the narrating voice and of its object of attention.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/256 Эпоха младенчества в русской автобиографиче- ской прозе: первичные образы и впечатления 2022-01-07T23:08:17+01:00 Aleksandra Kudriashova aleksandra.kudriashova@avtobiografija.com Aleksandra Kudriashova aleksandra.kudriashova@avtobiografija.com Olga Salenko olga.salenko@avtobiografija.com <p>The article examines a key structural component of autobiographical fiction. The images and impressions of childhood are considered as the initial point of the writers’ creativity and their individual creative styles. A special category is needed to describe this phenomenon: the <em>initial event</em> [pervichnoe sobytie]. The category was offered by Irina Mineralova in the early 2010s to state the initial episode in the plot of Russian autobiographical fiction focused on childhood. In our paper, we have broadened our understanding of the initial event to incorporate the initial impression that determines the interrelation between authors and the world they are living in and interpreting in their creative writing. Thus, the initial event can be seen as a cornerstone of a writer’s coexistence [so-bytie] with other elements of their environment and even the universe. The beginning of individual life corresponds to the genesis as seen through the unique writer’s viewpoint. The genre of the autobiographical novel presupposes the combination of the documentary and the fictional, the bringing together of facts of history and real lives with images of creative work. An author is understood as a creative phenomenon whose personality is reflected in the style and manner of their writing. The study is based on a wide range of pieces of classical Russian literature from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, from Alexander Herzen and Sergei Aksakov to Ivan Bunin and Ivan Shmelev.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/265 “Я не стала меньше любить прошлое, но оно внезапно сепарировалось, отдалилось, стало прошлым”. Беседа с Марией Степановой 2022-01-08T10:39:33+01:00 Bianca Sulpasso bianca.sulpasso@avtobiografija.com <p>“I didn’t start loving the past any less but it suddenly separated off, became more distant, became the past”. A Conversation with Maria Stepanova</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/266 Galina Rymbu - La prospettiva Kosmičeskij 2022-01-08T10:44:50+01:00 Martina Napolitano martina.napolitano@avtobiografija.com <p>The first Italian translation of Galina Rymbu’s poetic cycle Kosmicheskii prospekt by Martina Napolitano.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/267 Конференция Эго-документы: межисточнико- вые диалоги о России первой половины ХХ века в историко-литературном контексте, 14–17 сен- тября 2021 г., Екатеринбург. 2022-01-08T10:56:53+01:00 Iaroslav Golubinov iaroslav.golubinov@avtobiografija.com <p>Conference Ego-Documents: Dialogues between Sources about Russia in the First Half of the Twentieth Century in a Historical and Literary Context, 14-17 September 2021, Ekaterinburg.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/241 Introduction 2022-01-05T23:28:38+01:00 Claudia Criveller claudia@avtobiografija.com Andrea Gullotta andrea@avtobiografija.com <p>Introduction to the tenth issue of «AvtobiografiЯ»</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/242 Introduction: Studying Russian Letters, From Literary and Social Practices to the History of Emotions 2022-01-05T23:33:50+01:00 Rodolphe Baudin rodolphe.baudin@avtobiografija.com <p>Introduction to the special issue <em>Epistolary Emotions in Early Imperial Russia (1770-1830).</em></p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/243 Sympathy in the Russian Sentimental Letter of the 1770s 2022-01-05T23:37:35+01:00 Victoria Frede victoria.frede@avtobiografija.com <p>Under the influence of literary sentimentalism, elite Russians began in the 1770s to experiment with a new genre of correspondence, which emphasized spontaneity and sincerity, encouraging introspection and exchanges of intimacies. Articulations of sympathy—the capacity and willingness of sender and recipient to experience one another’s sentiments—soon became a central component of the sentimental letter. This article investigates the experimentative way in which Russian correspondents first alluded to sympathy: what vocabulary they chose, what literary sources they drew on, to whom it was directed and what purposes it may have served them. Articulating sympathy was a means by which members of kin and clientele networks could enhance their bonds; it also constituted an exploration into new communicative and literary possibilities.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/246 The Performance of Maternal Sentiment in the Memoirs and Letters of Ekaterina Dashkova, or How ‘une mère, sagemente tendre’ Became Director of the Academy of Sciences 2022-01-05T23:48:43+01:00 Sara Dickinson sara.dickinson@avtobiografija.com <p>The emphatic professions of maternal sentiment found in the memoirs and correspondence of Ekaterina Dashkova indicate how important this was for her self-presentation. This article explores the pragmatics of these motherly effusions by examining their diverse functions – personal, rhetorical, social, and political – in the context of Dashkova’s account of taking her son to the University of Edinburgh in 1776. Making use of archival materials from the National Library of Scotland, we read Dashkova’s memoir version of negotiating with the University against the letters that she wrote at the time to principal William Robertson, and those written to him simultaneously by his friend Alexander Wedderburn which take Dashkova as their subject. We argue that Dashkova employed the epistolary performance of motherly tenderness both to integrate her son into a course of study in Edinburgh and to establish valuable personal connections of her own that would serve her well upon return to Russia.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/249 Муравьев как римлянин: к вопросу о единстве мироощущения писателя (по материалам писем к отцу и сестре) 2022-01-06T22:22:36+01:00 Aleksandr Ivinskij aleksandrivinskij@avtobiografija.com <p>Murav’ev as an Ancient Roman citizen: Towards the Study of Murav’ev’s Worldview as Expressed in His Letters to His Father and His Sister.<br>The article examines M.N. Murav’ev’s self-representation in his works. It demonstrates how Murav’ev’s worldview was shaped by his constant desire to present himself as an honest man (honnête homme). His model of behaviour was influenced by the cultural developments of his epoch; it was oriented both towards the past and the future. In Murav’ev’s view, the image of an honest man was comparable to the notion of Ancient Roman citizenship, comprising good manners, politeness, and dedication to the Roman Empire. The article examines the manifestation of Murav’ev’s model of behaviour in his unpublished letters, located in the archive of the State Museum of History in Moscow.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/251 Guilt, Victimhood, and the Emotional Pleasures of the Literary Tableau in Radishchev’s Letters to Count Vorontsov 2022-01-07T20:57:38+01:00 Rodolphe Baudin rodolphe.baudin@avtobiografija.com <p>This paper examines Alexander Radishchev’s letters from Siberia to his patron count Alexander Vorontsov. After he was exiled for publishing his incendiary <em>Journey from Petersburg to Moscow</em> (1790), Radishchev initiated a bilingual correspondence with his patron, which lasted until his return to Russia in 1797 and beyond. In his letters to Vorontsov, Radishchev used various rhetorical means to diminish and even erase his guilt, in order to self-fashion himself exclusively as a victim. While doing so, he resorted to short epistolary narratives about his and his family’s misfortunes, meant at moving his patron and securing his durable protection. The paper contends that these short narratives intentionally reminded of visual representations of virtue tormented or rewarded, taken from the sentimental repertoire of Jean-Baptiste Greuze’s canvases, a French painter whose work was popularized throughout Europe by countless engravings and commented on in contemporary Russian journals. Radishchev’s aim in favouring visual narratives was to enhance the emotional and moral pleasure of Vorontsov by offering him the status of consumer of moving tableaux, a particularly enjoyable position for eighteenth-century men of feelings.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Rodolphe Baudin http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/252 Смерть барона. Герменевтика самоубийства в европейской культуре конца XVIII века (из ис- тории русско-шведских связей) 2022-01-07T21:02:47+01:00 Ilya Vinitsky ilya.vinitsky@avtobiografija.com <p>In October 1800, a young, rich, popular and successful Swedish aristocrat and military hero in the Russian service committed suicide, seemingly for no rea son. His name was Major Magnus-Wilhelm Sprengtporten (1772–1800), and he was the son of the famous Swedish traitor, Finnish patriot and Russian agent Goran Magnus Sprengtporten (1740–1819; the future military governor of Fin land). The real cause of his death in Moscow triggered an intense epistolary debate that has remained unnoticed by Russian and Western scholars of sui cide. The participants of this debate included Russian, Swedish, Finnish, Polish, and French writers, politicians, military men, conspirators, adventu rists, courtiers, and historians, ranging from the Russian writer Karamzin to Napoleon, then First Consul of France, and Russian Emperor Paul I. The major question posed by this project is not <em>why</em> the son of the infamous Swedish poli tician decided to commit suicide, but rather <em>how</em> this suicide reveals a number of dramatic ideological, political, emotional, and literary conflicts and shifts in Russia, Sweden, and Europe as a whole on the eve of the Napoleonic Wars.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/253 От любви к разочарованию: выражение чувств как средство коммуникации между графом Н.П. Шереметевым и А.Ф. Малиновским (1800-е годы) 2022-01-07T21:11:05+01:00 Maya Lavrinovich maya.lavrinovich@avtobiografija.com <p>The article explores the role of the emotions transmitted in the correspondence between Aleksei Fedorovich Malinovskii (1762–1840) and Count Nikolai Petrovich Sheremetev (1751–1809) in the 1800s. They exchanged correspondence intensively for years on business matters concerning Sheremetev’s Moscow household but in fact their reciprocal involvement in each other’s personal affairs ran much deeper. This connection implied that their relationships, not sealed with any agreement, rested on the feeling of trust between them. An embezzlement scandal surrounding the construction of Sheremetev’s Almshouse in Moscow shook their relationship, and their correspondence from that moment onwards reveals a lack of trust. This situation caused them to reconsider their relationship. The original “love” and “affection” were replaced with melancholy and neutral “inclination” to transmit emotional reactions and states that were believed to be suitable for epistolary exchange.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022 http://www.avtobiografija.com/index.php/avtobiografija/article/view/254 Вина и гордость: эпистолярный дискурс русского дворянства и следы Декабрьского восстания 2022-01-07T21:15:10+01:00 Stefano Aloe stefano.aloe@avtobiografija.com <p>The defeat of the Decembrist Revolt of 1825 was a critical turning point in the life and worldview of an entire generation of Russian aristocrats. The whole system of values that ruled the friendly and social relations among young intel lectuals cracked abruptly, thus leaving them with an emotional and intellectu al void. This situation concerned not only the Decembrists, who were in vari ous ways prosecuted because of their active participation in the Revolt, but even those ones who did not take part directly in it, such as the poet Aleksandr Pushkin. At that time, epistolary exchange was the main form of intimate communication in the educated class, therefore it is possible to trace deep emotional and stylistic changes in it. Mostly, these changes concern intellectu al freedom. Certain ideas became unspeakable. Intellectuals’ feelings fluctuat ed between a pride in their civic heroism and a sense of guilt or frustration that generated the concept of ‘superfluous man’. This paper will examine the stylistic and thematic strategies aiming at conveying the feelings of guilt and pride, in particular we will focus on those strategies exploited in the episto laries of Pushkin, Vil’gelm Kiukhel’beker and other men of letters connected with the Decembrist Revolt.</p> 2022-01-08T00:00:00+01:00 Copyright (c) 2022